This would attract more people to live and work away from big cities and thereby ease the pressure on urban roads.’In conclusion, urban congestion is a serious problem in many cities and needs to be tackled urgently.The reasons would be in your first body paragraph, and the solutions in your second. I think generally, they over-complicate the essay, or they don’t properly read the question.Here are some of the most common issues I’ve seen with IELTS problem solution essays: 1.Let’s use the same question from our example above: Many modern urban centres these days suffer from serious congestion on their roads, leading to pollution and health problems for citizens.There are several reasons for this alarming situation.Problem-solution essays are a common essay type, especially for short essays such as subject exams or IELTS.The page gives information on what they are, how to structure this type of essay, and gives an example problem-solution essay on the topic of obesity and fitness levels.Another problem is….” So they write the problems, but they don’t write ABOUT them.What effects or consequences do these problems have?A lot of students ask me if they can give three problems. But this means that you will have less time or energy to extend each of your points sufficiently. (On the other hand, there are various measures that can be taken to tackle these issues. A second potential way to solve this problem could be to…)‘However, I believe there are several things that governments can do to help alleviate the problem of traffic congestion./ However, I think there are several ways in which these problems can be solved. One of these would be to significantly improve public transportation facilities available to residents, for example by making rail and bus fares cheaper and extending existing networks.