Alcohol is the most significant health concern in Native American communities because of very high rates of alcohol dependence and abuse; up to 80 percent of suicides and 60 percent of violent acts are a result of alcohol abuse in Native American communities.
Alcohol abuse among pregnant women causes their baby to develop fetal alcohol syndrome.
About half of grade 12 students have been drunk, and a third binge drink. Children aged 16 and under who consume alcohol heavily display symptoms of conduct disorder.
Its symptoms include troublesome behaviour in school, constantly lying, learning disabilities and social impairments.
Prolonged use leads to cirrhosis and liver failure.
With cirrhosis, patients develop an inability to process hormones and toxins.
Alcohol abuse encompasses a spectrum of unhealthy alcohol drinking behaviors, ranging from binge drinking to alcohol dependence.
Alcohol abuse was a psychiatric diagnosis in the DSM-IV, and has been merged with alcohol dependence into alcohol use disorder in the DSM-5.
A person's ability to reason in stressful situations is compromised, and they seem very inattentive to what is going on around them.
Social skills are significantly impaired in people suffering from alcoholism due to the neurotoxic effects of alcohol on the brain, especially the prefrontal cortex area of the brain.