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For example, if students are to compare two ocean creatures, they might say something like "Whales have lungs, but fish have gills." In the preceding sentence, the simple frame is "______ have ________, but _______ have _______.Note the sentence can be filled in with any content; this differs from closed sentences that often have only a few possibilities.
These words, often abstract in nature, can and should be taught to students in context.
Similarly to sentence frames and starters, students can be encouraged or required to build these words into their oral and written responses.
Each of these ideas will be explored in more detail in sections that follow.
Language Functions To begin the discussion on sentence frames, starters and signal words, it is helpful to explore the notion of language functions and their related forms.
Erick has worked with thousands of teachers across the nation to help them improve their instructional practice and increase academic achievement for all students.
The truth is, starting a sentence in an engaging manner can be difficult sometimes.Sentence frames, starters and signal words can help them to be more successful in learning both content and academic language.Sentence Frames Sentence frames provide an opportunity for students to use key vocabulary while providing a structure that may be higher than what they could produce on their own.Some language functions appear more frequently in the study of academic subjects, including compare and contrast, sequencing, and asking questions.Students are often asked to compare characters in a story or important events in history, summarize a list of events and more.They are also a useful reference and reminder to all in the class to ramp up the level of language used in the classroom.Erick Herrmann is an educational consultant specialized in teaching English learners, and he runs Educating English Learners.Language functions are the purposes for which we use language.These include giving and understanding directions, sharing our needs and likes, asking and answering questions, describing the world around us, and more.Each language function has related forms, or of varying complexity.These forms are the structure of language and include the complexity of the sentences as well as specific signal words that indicate the language function.