GCSE examinations in English and mathematics were reformed with the 2015 syllabus publications, with these first examinations taking places in 2017.
The remainder were reformed with the 20 syllabus publications, leading to first awards in 20, respectively.
Over time, the range of subjects offered, the format of the examinations, the regulations, the content, and the grading of GCSE examinations has altered considerably.
Numerous subjects have been added and changed, and various new subjects are offered in the modern languages, ancient languages, vocational fields, and expressive arts, as well as Citizenship courses.
In 1994, the A* grade was added above the grade A, to further differentiate attainment at the very highest end of the qualification.
This remained the highest grade available until 2017.In its later years, O-Levels were graded on a scale from A to E, with a U (ungraded) grade below that.Before 1975, the grading scheme varied between examination boards, but typically there were "pass" grades of 1 to 6 and "fail" grades of 7 to 9.Qualifications that are not reformed will cease to be available in England.The science reforms, in particular, mean that single-award "science" and "additional science" options are no longer available, being replaced with a double award "combined science" option (graded on the scale 9-9 to 1-1 and equivalent to 2 GCSEs).Other changes include the move to a numerical grading system, to differentiate the new qualifications from the old-style letter-graded GCSEs, publication of core content requirements for all subjects, and an increase in longer, essay-style questions to challenge students more.Alongside this, a variety of low-uptake qualifications and qualifications with significant overlap will cease, with their content being removed from the GCSE options, or incorporated into similar qualifications.It includes both internally-assessed work (marked by schools or colleges) and externally-assessed work (marked by one of our examiners).Applications for special consideration in respect of lost/damaged work must be made through e-AQA.Courses: In English and Welsh schools, to Year 9 and 10 students, with the course generally lasting until the end of Year 11. A series in November is also available for mathematics and English.In Northern Irish schools, to Year 10 students, generally lasting until the end of that year or the end of Year 12. In the United Kingdom, the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) is an academic qualification, generally taken in a number of subjects by pupils in secondary education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.