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Deeper reflection will disclose, however, that the problem exists for anyone who believes -- or has believed -- that there is some great just order in the universe, i.e., for anyone who believes in a larger moral order in things, who believes that things ultimately happen as they ought to, and that nothing in the universe is fundamentally out of its rightful place.Even for those non-religious people who believe in such an over-arching cosmic order, the problem of evil is a real one.) Sometimes when a person gets very angry at another person, they will literally turn their back on them, or walk out of the room, out of their presence, or perhaps even refuse to speak or listen to the person at whom they are so angry.In making the world, God faced a choice: he could create free agents like us, or he could create automata, robots, without the ability to make choices of their own.
The wrong that we do, though, the suffering that we cause, great though it may be, is a price worth paying for something that is profoundly valuable: genuine freedom.
Though God could have prevented evil by creating a world of automata, it is a good thing that he did not.
In brief, the problem is this: The traditional conception of God is as omniscient (all-knowing), omnipotent (all-powerful), and benevolent.
This implies that if God exists then he knows how to, wants to, and is able to prevent all suffering.
The most weighty of the arguments against God’s existence is the problem of evil.
Of all the atheistic arguments, this is the one that has been around for longest, that has had the most words written about it, and that draws the most diverse responses from Christians.
This points us to a third way of approaching the problem of evil.
The problem of evil argues in one direction, from the existence of evil to the non-existence of God: If there were an omniscient, omnipotent and benevolent God then there wouldn’t be any evil, but there is evil, and there therefore can’t be an omniscient, omnipotent and benevolent God.
It is almost as if they are in some sense trying to act as if that other person does not even exist.
In a similar way, it can also happen that when someone gets very angry at God for such a perceived violation of all the principles of justice, fairness, and good order in the universe, they can also furiously turn their back on God.