Freud establishes a primary narcissism as the original libido directing its energy into the ego, which then causes the ego to become “packed”.
"On Narcissism" does, however, include a brief discussion of the castration complex and the ways it is manifested in boys and girls.
Perhaps most striking (and possibly disturbing) to contemporary readers are the essay's treatments of gender relations and sexuality.
Feminists, theorists of gender, and queer theorists have often turned to Freud both as a guide to the operations of the mind and as a thinker who deserves harsh criticism.
The Resources section includes a selection of texts that engage Freud in their explorations of these issues.