Nietzsche Essay 2 Sparknotes

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The priests, and all those who feel disenfranchised and powerless in a situation of subjugation and physical impotence (e.g., slavery), develop a deep and venomous hatred for the powerful.

Thus originates what Nietzsche calls the "slave revolt in morality", which, according to him, begins with Judaism (§7), for it is the bridge that led to the slave revolt by Christian morality of the alienated, oppressed masses of the Roman Empire (a dominant theme in The Antichrist, written the following year).

The three Abhandlungen trace episodes in the evolution of moral concepts with a view to confronting "moral prejudices", specifically those of Christianity and Judaism.

Some Nietzsche scholars consider Genealogy to be a work of sustained brilliance and power as well as his masterpiece.

Only the weak need the illusion of the subject (or soul) to hold their actions together as a unity.

But they have no right to make the bird of prey accountable for being a bird of prey.He had previously employed this expression to represent the lion, an image that is central to his philosophy and made its first appearance in Thus Spoke Zarathustra.Beyond the metaphorical lion, Nietzsche expressively associates the "blond beast" with the pre-Aryan race of Celts and Gaels which he states were all fair skinned and fair-haired and constituted the collective aristocracy of the time.Nietzsche's treatise outlines his thoughts "on the origin of our moral prejudices" previously given brief expression in his Human, All Too Human (1878).Nietzsche attributes the desire to publish his "hypotheses" on the origins of morality to reading his friend Paul Rée's book The Origin of the Moral Sensations (1877) and finding the "genealogical hypotheses" offered there unsatisfactory.This imaginary "good" (the delusion of the weak) replaces the aristocratic "good" (the strong decide) which in turn is rebranded "evil", to replace "bad", which to the noble meant "worthless" and "ill-born" (as in the Greek words κακος and δειλος).In the First Treatise, Nietzsche introduces one of his most controversial images, the "blond beast".In the "Second Treatise" Nietzsche advances his thesis that the origin of the institution of punishment is in a straightforward (pre-moral) creditor/debtor relationship.Man relies on the apparatus of forgetfulness [which has been "bred" into him] in order not to become bogged down in the past.This forgetfulness is, according to Nietzsche, an active "faculty of repression", not mere inertia or absentmindedness.Man needs to develop an active faculty to work in opposition to this, so promises necessary for exercising control over the future can be made: this is memory.

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