Motivation Theories Essay

Motivation Theories Essay-50
This is a psychological contract based upon promises made by employers in return for employees fulfilling commitments. Coyle-Shapiro & Ian Kessler (2002) "When employees judge employer fulfilment to be high, they are more likely to feel obligated to reciprocate and hence increase their own sense of obligation towards the organization." Research has been done regarding achievement evaluations having the ability to reduce employee motivation and achievement.Studies have shown that employees who receive negative evaluations experience a job achievement reduction, but employees who received good evaluations show no change.

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salary, working conditions, and benefits) do not motivate employees but can help to prevent dissatisfaction.

He claimed that advancement, responsibility, recognition and achievement maximise satisfaction and, therefore, motivate effort and performance.

This deems the achievement evaluation process to have no affirmative effect for the companies.

One would be lead to believe that this means that the boss/subordinate relationship is sustained but the relationships between employees and directors are not improved upon.

Deci and colleagues made a motion that intrinsic motivation ensues when people feel self-determined and competent (Deci, 2004). This work displayed five components to motivation: Skill variety. There are two types of people’s needs involved here. hunger makes its necessary to earn money, making money a specific drive).

One psychological view claims that very high levels of intrinsic motivation set with strong work interest and involvement, by perfect matches of task complexity with skill level, means individuals merge with their activities, experiencing a sense of "psychological flow" (cited by Csíkszentmihályi, et al., 2012). The other need is the ability to gain psychological growth through achievement.

Provide reports to workers and not just managers on a regular basis. David Mc Clelland, a Harvard psychologist studied developed the Need for Achievement theory (aka Achievement Motivation Theory). The theory is still used by managers and executives who have adopted a need for self-actualization when trying to apply motivating for the job. Taylor brought ideas about motivation based on the belief that workers act to fulfil their own self interest.

Keeping them in the loop makes them feel part of the team and also gives them the opportunity to provide feedback of their own. He realised that high achievers value extrinsic rewards like money as methods of scoring, but that the satisfaction from achievement, arouse their performance. He deduced that there was an "us versus them" relationship between employees and employers.

Scholars have researched and studied motivation for generations.

There are a multitude of motivational theories including employee encouragement, motivation measurements and principles, positive organisational environments, people motivation, strategic performance, salary, rewards, theory in practice, self motivation and employee motivation.


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