Poor health forced his early retirement from Harvard in 1924.
Poor health forced his early retirement from Harvard in 1924.Turner moved to the Huntington Library in San Marino, California, where he remained as senior research associate until his death.Tags: Pest Control Business PlanEssay On Ernest HemingwayGeography HomeworkDissertation TipsParliamentary Sovereignty Essay PlanExpository Essay FormCreative Writing Group IdeasEssayages Noir Et BlancGraphic Essay On HamletStatistical Methods Help To:
At these two institutions he helped build two of the great university history departments of the 20th century and trained many distinguished historians, including Carl Becker, Merle Curti, Herbert Bolton, and Frederick Merk, who became Turner’s successor at Harvard.
He was an early leader of the American Historical Association, serving as its president in 1910 and on the editorial board of the association’s from 1910 to 1915.
In the words of historian William Appleman Williams, it “rolled through the universities and into popular literature like a tidal wave.” While today’s professional historians tend to reject such sweeping theories, emphasizing instead a variety of factors in their interpretations of the past, Turner’s frontier thesis remains the most popular explanation of American development among the literate public.
(1935), would not be published until after his death.
Turner first detailed his own interpretation of American history in his justly famous paper, “The Significance of the Frontier in American History,” delivered at a meeting of historians in Chicago in 1893 and published many times thereafter.
Adams, his mentor at Johns Hopkins, had argued that all significant American institutions derived from German and English antecedents.What the world needed now, he argued, was “a highly organized provincial life to serve as a check upon mob psychology on a national scale, and to furnish that variety which is essential to vital growth and originality.” Turner never ceased to treat history as contemporary knowledge, seeking to explore the ways that the nation might rechannel its expansionist impulses into the development of community life.Turner taught at the University of Wisconsin until 1910, when he accepted an appointment to a distinguished chair of history at Harvard University.Born in frontier Wisconsin and educated at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, Turner did graduate work at Johns Hopkins University under Herbert Baxter Adams.Awarded his doctorate in 1891, he was one of the first historians professionally trained in the United States rather than Europe.If you are having trouble putting together a good introduction, start with a placeholder.That placeholder does not need to be as strong as you would like it to be, but you can always come back to it and edit it.Rebelling against this view, Turner argued instead that Europeans had been transformed by the process of settling the American continent and that what was unique about the United States was its frontier history.(Ironically, Turner passed up an opportunity to attend Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show so that he could complete “The Significance of the Frontier in American History” on the morning that he presented it.) He traced the social evolution of frontier life as it continually developed across the continent from the primitive conditions experienced by the explorer, trapper, and trader, through maturing agricultural stages, finally reaching the complexity of city and factory.He also commented directly on the connections he saw between the past and the present.The end of the frontier era of continental expansion, Turner reasoned, had thrown the nation “back upon itself.” Writing that “imperious will and force” had to be replaced by social reorganization, he called for an expanded system of educational opportunity that would supplant the geographic mobility of the frontier.