Literature Review For Project

Literature Review For Project-67
the results obtained from studies using stories and word lists as stimuli can be generalised to forensic contexts.” …“That is, the differences found between individuals and groups could simply be due to the participants giving their reports for a second time …” …

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“Whilst biased guessing may account for the misinformation effect that occurs in some instances (refs.), research suggests that it is not the only reason for the occurrence of the misinformation effect. This suggests that the misinformation effect may be due at least partially to memory impairment, rather than just biased guessing.” 5.

Sums up what has been learned from the review of the four current theoretical explanations. “Informational influence, biased guessing, and modification of memory may help to explain why memory conformity occurs when participants are tested individually, as they are in the studies presented in this thesis. The research presented in this thesis compares these alternative explanations to determine which best explains memory conformity in individual recall following co-witness discussion. “One way to determine whether memory conformity occurs because of biased guessing is to …” “Experiments described in this thesis (Studies 5-7) include a warning for some participants about possible misinformation in an attempt to determine whether participants report misinformation because of informational influence or memory change.” 7.

What exactly are your objectives and what do you need to find out?

In your review, are you looking at issues of theory, methodology, policy, quantitive research, or what?

In the latter cases in particular, the review will be guided by your research objective or by the issue or thesis you are arguing and will provide the framework for your further work.

It is very important to note that your review should not be simply a description of what others have published in the form of a set of summaries, but should take the form of a critical discussion, showing insight and an awareness of differing arguments, theories and approaches.The overall structure of your review will depend largely on your own thesis or research area.What you will need to do is to group together and compare and contrast the varying opinions of different writers on certain topics.Use quotations if appropriate.• you always acknowledge opinions which do not agree with your thesis.If you ignore opposing viewpoints, your argument will in fact be weaker.This work may be in any format, including online sources.It may be a separate assignment, or one of the introductory sections of a report, dissertation or thesis.Make sure that:• you include a clear, short introduction which gives an outline of the review, including the main topics covered and the order of the arguments, with a brief rationale for this.• there is always a clear link between your own arguments and the evidence uncovered in your reading.Include a short summary at the end of each section.For each of the four explanations, followed typical structure of: (a) definition; (b) when might happen; (c) evidence supporting explanation; (d) limitations of this explanation as being “the whole story” (this is the “critical” part of a critical review). “Whilst normative social influence may explain the conformity that occurs in …, it is an unlikely explanation for memory conformity that may occur when people give individual statements following discussion in the absence of their co-witness. “The suggestion that memory conformity is a result of biased guessing is similar to the informational influence explanation because in both instances …However, the distinguishing feature between the two explanations is that …” …


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