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One of the first management consultants, Frederick Taylor, was a 19th-century engineer who applied an approach known as the scientific management.Taylor advocated for maximizing task efficiency through the scientific method.In the 1920s, the Hawthorne Works Western Electric factory commissioned the first of what was to become known as the Hawthorne Studies.
Research in and the teaching of OB primarily takes place in university management departments in colleges of business.
Sometimes OB topics are taught in industrial and organizational psychology graduate programs.
The best known theories today originate from Henri Fayol, Chester Barnard, and Mary Parker Follet.
All three of them drew from their experience to develop a model of effective organizational management, and each of their theories independently shared a focus on human behavior and motivation.
As a multi-disciplinary, organizational behavior has been influenced by developments in a number of related disciplines including: Sociology, industrial/organizational psychology, and economics.
The Industrial Revolution is a period from the 1760s where new technologies resulted in the adoption of new manufacturing techniques and increased mechanization.56), noting that a similar situation arose in sociology.Although there are similarities and differences between the two disciplines, there is still confusion around differentiating organizational behavior and organizational psychology.The results showed that regardless of lighting levels, when workers were being studied, productivity increased, but when the studies ended, worker productivity would return to normal.In following experiments, Elton Mayo concluded that job performance and the so-called Hawthorne Effect was strongly correlated to social relationships and job content.The significant social and cultural changes caused by the Industrial Revolution also gave rise to new forms of organization.Weber analyzed one of these organizations and came to the conclusion that bureaucracy was "an organization that rested on rational-legal principles and maximized technical efficiency." A number of OB practitioners documented their ideas about management and organisation.These theories underline employee motivation, work performance, and job satisfaction.Herbert Simon's Administrative Behavior introduced a number of important OB concepts, most notably decision-making.Organizational behavior (OB) or organisational behaviour is the: "study of human behavior in organizational settings, the interface between human behavior and the organization, and the organization itself".Organizational behavior researchers study the behavior of individuals primarily in their organizational roles.