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Consider giving your abstract to a colleague working in a separate discipline and ask him or her to read it.Ask your colleague whether the study is clear based solely on the abstract.Use of introductory phrases such as “Here, we aimed to…” or “Here, we demonstrate that…” indicates to the reader that you are stating the aim or purpose of your work.
8.4±0.6 g; p Once you have completed the abstract, it is important to check that all of the information you have included here agrees with the information in the main body of your paper.
After working on it for so long, it can sometimes be difficult to objectively evaluate whether your abstract is clear, especially because you are likely to be very familiar with the conventions within your discipline.
Abstracts in biological or clinical fields should mention the organism, cell line, or population studied.
For ecology papers, the location of the study is often an important piece of information.
Similarly, once your work is published, it is the first section that is examined by readers; in many cases, it is the only section of the manuscript that they will ever read.
This is in part because most literature databases index only abstracts, and access to full-text articles is often restricted.If you are having a hard time figuring out where to start, consider going through your paper and highlighting the most important sentences in each section (introduction, methods, results, and discussion/conclusions).Then, use these sentences as an outline to write your abstract.The methods section of your abstract is your chance to summarize the basic design of your study.Excessive detail is unnecessary; however, you should briefly state the key techniques used.- 2: A randomized, double-blind comparison of lorazepam and chlordiazepoxide in patients with uncomplicated alcohol withdrawal.Let’s face it, most of us are used to writing essays and research papers.For example, statements such as “significant differences in body weight were observed between the animals in groups A and B” are not very informative.Instead, consider making more specific statements, such as “the average body weight loss of the animals in group A was greater than that of the animals in group B (20.4±0.3 g vs.Writing the paper first solves this problem, effectively refreshing your memory as you condense all of the aspects of your work into a single document.The manuscript can then be used as a guide to write the abstract, which serves as a concise summary of your research.