Essentially, the heart pumps blood from it’s top two chambers, the left and right atrium, into the bottom two chambers, the left and right ventricle, respectively. After each contraction of the heart, the muscle relaxes, allowing time for the heart to fill up with blood again.
Transplantation of the heart is a tricky and dangerous endeavor.
It involves taking out the failing heart and replacing it with a completely new donor heart.
(2) An important factor to consider when developing models such as the Abio Cor artificial heart is fluid dynamics.
The core mechanism of this artificial heart system is a hydraulic pump that actively moves the blood from side to side of the heart.
Pneumatic engineering is categorized under mechanical engineering and deals with air as a power source.
The Syncardia and Cardio West artificial heart systems are basically electrical pumps with two internal diaphragms, one in the left ventricle and one in the right that mimics the actual motion of a heart pumping blood.Ideally, the materials in an artificial heart should be similar to those of an actual heart while also maintaining durability and flexibility. The basic framework of the artificial heart is often composed of plastic, titanium, polyurethane, and even animal parts such as heart valves from pigs.An alloy, which is a metallic mixture, primarilycomposed of titanium, aluminum, and vanadium, is used for the pump, motor, and other metallic parts of the heart.The contraction of the heart propels the oxygenated blood in the right ventricle from the heart via the aorta to the rest of the body.After distributing the oxygen to the body, the blood returns, deoxygenated, to the left atrium of the heart, and the process repeats.About 35,000 heart transplants from donors are performed around the world.However, donated hearts are not accessible to everyone. We’ve come such a long way already...” And we have, indeed, come a long way in the evolution of the heart pump technology, one of the most important advances in the past century.(5) However, with the help of biomedical engineers, we are making progress in tackling the challenge of the rapid rise in death due to cardiovascular disease.One malfunction could immediately extinguish the victim’s life.However, with the right equipment, design, and of course, engineers, millions of lives can be saved.