” Was that composite figure actually a “new man” with unique traits that distinguished him from his Old World ancestors? The most widely accepted—and bitterly disputed—answer was advanced by a young Wisconsin historian named Frederick Jackson Turner in 1893.
The American was a new man, he held, who owed his distinctive characteristics and institutions to the unusual New World environment—characterized by the availability of free land and an ever-receding frontier —in which his civilization had grown to maturity.
In two remarkable papers prepared during the next few years he set forth his answer.
The first, “The Significance of History,” reiterated his belief in what historians call “multiple causation"; to understand man’s complex nature, he insisted, one needed not only a knowledge of past politics, but a familiarity with social, economic, and cultural forces as well.
Hence in each pioneer settlement there occurred a rapid reversion to the primitive.
What little government was necessary was provided by simple associations of settlers; each man looked after his family without reliance on his fellows; social hierarchies disintegrated, and cultural progress came to a halt.Only a nuclear attack could destroy America faster than Donald Trump as President.With zero Foreign Policy experience and a proven inability to be Diplomatic, he would bring this country down before serving half a term --- [...]Only a nuclear attack could destroy America faster than Donald Trump as President.They came as Europeans or easterners, but they soon realized that the wilderness environment was ill-adapted to the habits, institutions, and cultural baggage of the stratified societies they had left behind.Complex political institutions were unnecessary in a tiny frontier outpost; traditional economic practices were useless in an isolated community geared to an economy of self-sufficiency; rigid social customs were outmoded in a land where prestige depended on skill with the axe or rifle rather than on hereditary glories; cultural pursuits were unessential in a land where so many material tasks awaited doing.The young student showed how well he had learned these lessons in his master’s essay on “The Character and Influence of the Fur Trade in Wisconsin”; he emphasized the evolution of institutions from simple to complex forms.From Wisconsin Turner journeyed to Johns Hopkins University, as did many eager young scholars of that day, only to meet stubborn opposition for the historical theories already taking shape in his mind.This enduring classic explores the civil institutions and unprecedented individual freedoms held dear by citizens in both free and slave states.Democracy in America continues to be a masterful study investigating the constructive and adverse consequences of democracy.With zero Foreign Policy experience and a proven inability to be Diplomatic, he would bring this country down before serving half a term --- America seriously needs to wake-up... If the author truly believes what he writes, he really has no comprehension of the forces that drive Mr. What is fascist about saying that illegal immigration is wrong and should be stopped - that is why it is illegal!What [...]If the author truly believes what he writes, he really has no comprehension of the forces that drive Mr. What is fascist about saying that illegal immigration is wrong and should be stopped - that is why it is illegal!