In this regard hospital records should be maintained in such a way that any breach of confidence does not take place.
Any doctor or hospital breaching this ethical or legal duty by disclosing information including medical records may face damages for such disclosure.
All types of information shared by the patients and provided to doctors should be handled carefully and every possible measure should be adopted for protecting such information.
In this regard, latest technological advancements are highly supportive for the doctors to maintain confidentiality.
In some instances patient is also encouraged to apprise his/her medical situation to any other person, for instance if the HIV of a patient is positive then the patient should be persuaded to discuss this condition with his/her sexual partner so the related risk is shared between them.
However, if the patent is not willing to share the information, then it is the ethical duty of doctor for disclosing information to the person who is exposed to risk.
Every person has the right of keeping his/her personal information confidential especially about medical conditions.
Medical information should be restricted only to the concerned doctor who is authorized to maintain the health record.
However, it should be noted that providing care by the doctor is not compulsory and the doctor has the option to refuse providing care due to any reason which he/she thinks is valid.
Confidentiality between patient and the doctor is the basis of medical profession.