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When it is willingly accepted by the guilty party, it assumes the value of expiation.
Air raids over cities populated by non-combatants would be another example of an evil means toward a good end, despite the desperate circumstance of war.
In these examples, the punishment is disproportionate to the crime and innocent people are deliberately being used as disposable pawns.
In other words, the inherent context does justify certain actions, even to the point of making said actions into good acts, whereas it is the external climate that doesn’t justify.
Catholic Answers apologist, Jimmy Akin, explains the same in greater detail in his blog on intrinsic evil the example of an officer inflicting pain to apprehend a violent suspect, it isn’t that the end justifies the evil means, but rather, the means isn’t even evil to begin with.
1756 It is therefore an error to judge the morality of human acts by considering only the intention that inspires them or the circumstances (environment, social pressure, duress or emergency, etc.) which supply their context.
There are acts which, in and of themselves, independently of circumstances and intentions, are always gravely illicit by reason of their object; such as blasphemy and perjury, murder and adultery.One may not do evil so that good may result from it.So, does it mean it is wrong for a police officer to carry tools of torture such as a baton, pepper spray, taser and firearm?For this reason, those who legitimately hold authority also have the right to use arms to repel aggressors against the civil community entrusted to their responsibility.2266 The efforts of the state to curb the spread of behavior harmful to people's rights and to the basic rules of civil society correspond to the requirement of safeguarding the common good.Analysis, definition and distinction By ‘act’, the Catechism doesn’t refer to specific actions such as stabbing, hitting and kicking, but used the example of “blasphemy and perjury, murder and adultery”.Note that the acts of blasphemy, perjury, murder and adultery already contain within their definition a certain context.Legitimate public authority has the right and duty to inflict punishment proportionate to the gravity of the offense.Punishment has the primary aim of redressing the disorder introduced by the offense.2265 Legitimate defense can be not only a right but a grave duty for one who is responsible for the lives of others.The defense of the common good requires that an unjust aggressor be rendered unable to cause harm.