Montaigne was quite active in this capacity in the years after 1570, which he often describes as the time of his retreat from the world’s affairs.
Apart from his tenure as mayor of Bordeaux, Montaigne was also asked to act as official mediator between a group of extremist Catholics known as the Holy League and his Protestant friend Henri de Navarre (later Henry IV of France) during the 1570s, and was instrumental in keeping the citizens of Bordeaux loyal after Henry’s accession to the throne in 1589.
This change can partly be attributed to efforts made in rehabilitating Marie de Gournay, long accused of tampering with the Montaigne’s writings make it clear that they will take their author as their subject by demonstrating the strength (and weaknesses) of his judgment and opinions through repeated “attempts” (“Essay”, in the French of the time, signified a try or attempt, and the modern English use of the term to mean a form of non-fiction writing was coined by Montaigne).
Despite their introspective focus, the loosely structured reflections that make up the often deal with the social and political events of Montaigne’s time, if only to illustrate a point or provide an example.
In particular, Montaigne uses contemporary history as a counterpoint to analogous situations or phenomena drawn from antiquity.
The historical period that encompassed the majority of Montaigne’s adult life was one of the most tumultuous in France’s history, as decades of civil war ravaged the country.
Unfortunately, the only preparation for most parents is their own experience of being parented.
Such past experiences may not always be helpful in raising children.
These actions often are called child guidance and discipline.
Positive guidance and discipline are crucial for children because they promote self-control, teach responsibility and help them make thoughtful choices.